Ziad Bassil's review on the EN C gliders

EN C paragliding wings
*: Pictures taken from nova.eu, flyozone.com, flybgd.com, and advance.ch.

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This time the very well respected pilot Ziad Bassil generously sponsored us with his review on the EN C class. For sake of comparison in this review he has included three of the most performant EN B gliders. The Carrera, Carrera +, and the Summit XC 2. It is amazing to see how these EN B gliders in some cases outperform EN C gliders.

Furthermore, this is an excellent review as it compares not only new models but also some of the past models, like the Delta and Alpina from Ozone. Therefore this is an excellent tool in order to choose your new or used wing, and in addition to see how each model evolves in terms of performance.

The gliders are compared in the below 10 categories (click on each category). Moreover, for some of the gliders Ziad gives some comments on break description (BD) and big ears efficiency (BE).

The original review appeared here.

Enjoy!

Manufacturer

Model

Size

Size [m2]

All up weight (AUW) [kg]

Wing loading [kg/m2]

Test categories

Advance

Sigma 8

Ν/Α

25.00

N/A

N/A

1, 3, 9, BD

Advance

Sigma 9

Ν/Α

25.00

91

3.64

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

AirCross

U Cross

S

23.70

N/A

N/A

3, BD

Air Design

Volt

SM

24.79

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, BD, BE

Air Design

Volt 2

SM

24.79

90

3.63

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

Bruce Goldsmith Design

Cure

M

23.00

90

3.91

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

Bruce Goldsmith Design

Tala

M

24.75

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BD, BE

Gin

Carrera

M

25.50

N/A

N/A

1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BE

Gin

Carrera

S

23.50

N/A

N/A

1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BD, BE

Gin

Carrera +

M

25.50

N/A

N/A

1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Gin

GTO 2

S

22.90

94

4.10

10

Gradient

Aspen 4

N/A

26.00

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, BD, BE

Gradient

Aspen 5

N/A

26.00

98

3.77

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

MC Para

Elan

M

26.00

98

3.77

1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

MC Para

Elan light

S

24.00

90

3.75

10

MC Para

Marvel

N/A

25.00

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, BD, BE

Niviuk

Artik 3

N/A

25.00

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, BD, BE

Niviuk

Artik 3 Race

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BE

Niviuk

Artik 4

N/A

25.00

91

3.64

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

Niviuk

Icepeak 6

N/A

23.00

98

4.26

10

Nova

Factor 2

S

24.30

N/A

N/A

2, 3, 5, BD

Nova

Triton 2

S

23.73

96

4.05

1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

Ozone

Alpina 1

M

26.00

N/A

N/A

2, 3, 8, BD

Ozone

Alpina 2

MS

24.40

92

3.77

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

Ozone

Delta 1

M

26.00

N/A

N/A

2, 3, BD

Ozone

Delta 2

MS

24.40

92

3.77

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD,

Ozone

Delta 2

ML

25.70

N/A

N/A

6, BD

Ozone

Mantra 6

MS

23.30

94

4.03

10

Ozone

Mantra R-10

S

22.90

98

4.28

10

Sky

Argos

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BD, BE

Skywalk

Cayenne 4

S

24.48

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BD

Skywalk

Cayenne 5

XS

22.68

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

Skyman

Cross Alps

S

24.50

90

3.67

10

Sol

Lotus One

N/A

24.60

98

3.98

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

Swing

Nexus

S

24.00

94

3.92

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

UP

Trango XC 2

SM

23.70

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BD

UP

Trango XC 3

SM

23.10

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE

UP

Summit XC 2

S

22.50

94

4.18

10, BE

UP

Summit XC 2

M

26.40

N/A

N/A

2, BD

U-turn

Passion

SM

25.00

N/A

N/A

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, BD, BE

777

Queen

M

25.50

101

3.96

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, BD, BE


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 8, with 1 being the easiest (comfortable).

Rank

Glider model

1

Alpina 2, Sigma 9, Elan, Volt 2, Nexus, Carrera +

2

Sigma 8, Artik 4

3

Aspen 4, Queen, Cure

4

Artik 3, Volt, Tala, Delta 2, Cayenne 4, Lotus One

5

Aspen 5, Passion, Argos, Carrera

6

Marvel, Trango XC 3, Cayenne 5

7

Triton 2

8

Trango XC 2


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 6, with 1 being the easier to handle/turn in rough air.

Rank

Glider model

1

Aspen 4, Volt 2, Alpina 2, Sigma 9, Artik 4, Cayenne 5

2

Factor 2, Cure, Artik 3, Cayenne 4, Delta 2, Queen, Nexus, Elan, Triton 2

3

Passion, Tala, Argos, Aspen 5, Lotus One

4

Alpina 1, Trango XC 2, Trango XC 3

5

Marvel, Delta 1, Volt, Summit XC 2

6

Artik 3 Race


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 7, with 1 being the most performant.

Rank

Glider model

1

Triton 2 S, Cayenne 5, Trango XC 3

2

Queen, Cure

3

Artik 3, Volt 2, Nexus, Cayenne 4, Tala, Alpina 2, Aspen 5, Lotus One, Artik 4, Carrera, Carrera +

4

Artik 3, Passion, Trango XC 2, Delta 2, Elan, Argos

5

Factor 2, Marvel, Aspen 4, Sigma 9

6

Sigma 8, Alpina 1, Delta 1, Volt

7

U Cross

8

Summit XC 2


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 6, with 1 being the most performant.

Rank

Glider model

1

Triton 2, Lotus One, Cayenne 5, Trango XC 3

2

Queen, Cure, Nexus

3

Alpina 2, Aspen 5, Artik 4, Carrera +

4

Volt 2, Carrera

5

Artik 3, Passion, Trango XC 2, Delta 2, Elan, Argos

6

Cayenne 4, Artik 3 Race, Volt, Tala, Sigma 9


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 6, with 1 being the most performant.

Rank

Glider model

1

Triton 2, Queen, Trango XC 3, Cayenne 5

2

Alpina 2, Aspen 5, Lotus One, Cure, Carrera +

3

Elan, Trango XC 2, Delta 2, Volt 2, Nexus, Carrera

4

Artik 3, Passion, Tala, Sigma 9, Argos, Artik 4

5

Artik 3, Aspen 4, Cayenne 4, Volt

6

Factor 2


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 5, with 1 being the best climb rate.

Rank

Glider model

1

Lotus One, Volt 2, Cayenne 5, Carrera +

2

Passion, Elan, Cure, Delta 2 (ML)

3

Trango XC 2, Delta 2 (MS), Alpina, Carrera (M)

4

Artik 3, Marvel, Aspen 4, Cayenne 4, Tala, Carrera, Argos, Triton 2, Sigma 9, Artik 4, Trango XC 3, Carrera (S)

5

Artik 3 Race, Volt, Queen, Nexus


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 4, with 1 being the best climb rate.

Rank

Glider model

1

Trango XC 3, Cayenne 5, Cure

2

Trango XC 2, Delta, Alpina, Elan, Lotus One, Carrera (S&M), Volt 2, Carrera +

3

Passion, Cayenne 4, Marvel, Artik 3 Race, Tala, Argos, Triton 2

4

Nexus, Artik 3, Aspen 4, Volt, Queen, Sigma 9, Artik 4


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 6, with 1 being the most efficient.

Rank

Glider model

1

Cayenne 5

2

Alpina 2, Cure

3

Triton 2, Lotus One, Trango XC 3, Carrera +

4

Aspen 5

5

Delta 2, Trango XC 2, Passion, Elan, Artik 4, Volt 2, Nexus, (Carrera M&S)

6

Tala, Atic 3, Artik 3 Race, Cayenne 4, Marvel, Alpina 1, Volt, Queen, Argos, Sigma 9


The ranking of the gliders is from 1 to 4, with 1 being the fastest.

Rank

Glider model

1

Queen

2

Passion, Cayenne 4, Artik 3 Race, Aspen 4, Argos,

3

Cure, Delta 2, Sigma 8, Alpina 2, Sigma9, Aspen 5, Cayenne 5, Trango XC 3, Triton 2, Lotus One, Artik 4

4

Volt 2, Trango XC 2, Tala, Carrera, Elan, Nexus


The scale is from 1 to 15, with 1 being the least demanding.

This grade is to say how busy a glider is, in strong conditions, or the one that's more difficult to manage, comparing to the B category.
Since this is a very delicate comparison, I must point out that the glider that has quicker authority on the brakes like the Triton 2 will enable a good pilot to keep it swiftly overhead. Some doesn't have that quick response and in strong conditions they won't keep the pilot as busy, but he will be the 'passenger' for a short lapse of time …
The grade doesn't indicate the one that recovers easier or harder!!Only that keeps you busier! Most will have easier recovery than the higher graded!

Rank

Model

Size [m2]

AUW [kg]

Wing load [kg/m2]

7.0

Volt 2

24.79

90

3.63

7.0

Nexus

24.00

94

3.92

7.0

Elan

26.00

98

3.77

7.5

Summit XC 2

22.50

94

4.18

7.5

Elan light

24.00

90

3.75

7.5

Sigma 9

25.00

91

3.64

8.5

Artik 25

25.00

91

3.64

8.5

Alpina 2

24.40

92

3.77

9.0

Delta 2

24.40

92

3.77

9.0

Queen

25.50

101

3.96

10.0

Cure

23.00

90

3.91

10.0

Aspen 5

26.00

98

3.77

10.5

Cross Alps

24.50

90

3.67

11.0

Lotus One

24.60

98

3.98

11.0

Cayenne 5

22.68

N/A

N/A

12.0

Mantra 6

23.30

94

4.03

12.5

Gto 2

22.90

94

4.10

12.5

Trango XC 3

23.10

N/A

N/A

12.5

Triton 2

23.73

96

4.05

13.5

Icepeak 6

23.00

98

4.26

15.0

R-10

22.90

98

4.28


- UP Trango XC 3: Moderate pressure, linear, precise, and agile in homogenous conditions.
- Cure M: Agile, direct, precise, and linear.
- Swing Nexus S: Moderate, smooth, average agility.
- Volt 2 SM: agile, precise, crispy and linear
- Cayenne 5 XS: Sharp and very direct, precise, agile even in turbulent conditions, short and efficient!
- Artik 4 25: Moderate brake travel, linear, precise, and agile.
- Sol Lotus, Short, moderate to hard, precise, linear.
- Triton 2 S, short, direct, linear, precise, average pressure.
- Aspen 5 26, moderate brake travel, moderate to agile in turns, light.
- Sigma 9 Direct.
- Elan linear and direct, smooth.
- Argos Linear light to moderate and direct
- Triple seven Queen M (relatively short and linear, precise, medium pressure, like Delta 2 MS )
- Alpina 2 MS (soft, linear, longer than Delta 2 MS ,agile moderate to light pressure)
- Carrera S (shorter than Alpina MS, linear, precise, agile, moderate pressure)
- Ozone Delta 2 SM, ML (linear, short ,precise ,agile with moderate pressure)
- BGD Tala M (Long and linear, fairly precise in turbulent conditions, moderate to light pressure, forgiving)
- Nova factor 2 S (very direct and precise)
- NIVIUK Artik 3 (Linear, precise, agile)
- Skywalk Cayenne 4 S (Moderate pressure, Agile linear, forgiving, smooth!!)
- Gradient Aspen 4 26 (Agile, moderate, linear, forgiving, smooth)
- U-Cross S Direct and agile if the conditions are smooth, and a bit less in turbulent, the glider must settle first)
- U-turn Passion SM, light to moderate, linear, agile.
- UP Trango Xc2 S/M (medium pressure, precise, fairly agile, short)
- Marvel 25 (precise, moderate pressure, needs a bit of work in turbulent conditions)
- Ozone Alpina M (A bit longer than Factor 2 and a bit softer , more precise and shorter than the Delta M and much better turning behavior) 10-
- AD Volt SM ( Needs a bit time to enter the turn in moving conditions) - Niviuk Artik 3 Race
- Sigma 8 25 (very close in handling ,a bit long but still agile)
- UP Summit XC2 M (Long average agility to good)
- Ozone delta M (Soft, long and average precision)


- Swing Nexus S: Stable, fairly efficient, reopen quickly
- Trango XC 3 (stable and ok for a 7:0 aspect ratio glider!)
- Cayenne 5 XS ( small -2m/s and stable, little big and un-stable on this size )
- Cure M (stable ears, efficient)
- Volt 2 SM (stable ears, efficient)
- Aspen 4 26 (very efficient in big ears) = Nova Factor 2 = Cayenne 4 S
- Ozone Delta 2 = BGD Tala = Queen = Alpina 2 = Carrera (stable and efficient) = Sigma 9 = Elan = Argos = Sol Lotus One = Artik 4 25
- Artik 3 = Artik 3 Race = U-Turn Passion SM =Triton 2 S (stable moderate ears ) = UP Trango XC 2 S/M= AD Volt SM = Aspen 5 26
- Marvel 25 (moderate use of big ears-moves a bit)


The Triton 2 S requires much more energy from the pilot to control it in heavy conditions.
The Lotus one has also some impressive performance, but to place it wherever you want in turbulent conditions requires also some finer inputs.
The Aspen 5 is really some great glider at second bar! It resembles the Triton 2 S in full speed glide! …To extract the full performance it needs an active piloting for sure and the way to turn it quickly in turbulent cores needs a little time.
The Cayenne 5 has the edge in surges into thermals, and the superb sharp and direct brake travel!
In weak conditions, it requires a bit more to handle than the Alpina 2 but it's a very efficient C glider. If only the ears were a bit more efficient and stable …
The Trango XC 3 is demanding to fly regarding the surrounding C's. Of course it's very efficient in cutting and climbing. The glide is good also but it needs the most energy to handle in this specific category!

The BGD Cure surprises by the ratio comfort/aspect ratio. The overall package of performance, accessibility and pleasurable feel is very nice.

The AD Volt 2 SM is a very comfortable glider to fly with a very nice brake authority. The Climb rate is 'great!

The Nexus is a very comfortable glider to fly. I wished for an efficient climb, especially in moderate to weak conditions. The trim speed is fast and it gives an immediate confidence inspiring feeling.

Please remember that sizes differ a lot and surely the loadings! Other sizes may have other characteristics …
The first 4 places are very close. Indeed superb machines! Different taste for everyone …
The most important: Only the pilot will make a difference.

 

Cheers,

Ziad.

[NEXT: Ziad's review on the EN B wings]

EN C wings comparison Tool (based on Ziad's review)

*: Score of 1 being the highest.
**: Score of 1 being the least demanding.

Models to compare
Size [m2] AUW [kg] Wing Load [kg/m2] Ease to manage* Ease to turn* Performance in calm air* Performance in head wind* Performance at bar* Climb rate in weak thermals (less than 0.5 m/s)* Climb rate in strong punchy thermals* Efficiency* Faster at 2nd bar* Demanding**
-------------
24.4 92 3.77 1 1 3 3 2 N/A N/A 2 3 8.5
N/A N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 4 3 6 2 N/A
25 N/A N/A 4 2 3 5 4 4 4 N/A N/A N/A
N/A N/A N/A N/A 6 N/A 6 N/A 5 3 6 2 N/A
25 91 3.64 2 1 3 3 4 4 4 5 3 8.5
26 N/A N/A 3 1 5 N/A 5 4 4 N/A 2 N/A
26 98 3.77 5 3 3 3 2 N/A N/A 4 3 10
24.48 N/A N/A 4 2 3 6 5 4 3 6 2 N/A
22.68 N/A N/A 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 11
23 90 3.91 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 10
24.4 92 3.77 4 2 4 5 3 3 N/A 5 N/A 9
26 98 3.77 1 2 4 5 3 2 2 5 4 7
24.6 98 3.98 4 3 3 1 2 1 2 3 3 11
25 N/A N/A 6 5 5 N/A N/A 4 3 8 N/A N/A
24 94 3.92 1 2 3 2 3 5 4 5 4 7
25 N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 2 3 5 2 N/A
25.5 101 3.96 3 2 2 2 1 5 4 6 1 9
25 91 3.64 1 1 5 6 4 4 4 6 3 7.5
24.75 N/A N/A 4 3 3 6 4 4 3 6 4 N/A
23.7 N/A N/A 8 4 4 5 3 3 2 5 4 N/A
23.1 N/A N/A 6 4 1 1 1 4 1 3 3 12.5
23.73 96 4.05 7 2 1 1 1 4 3 3 3 12.5
24.79 N/A N/A 4 5 6 6 5 5 4 6 N/A N/A
24.79 90 3.63 1 1 3 4 3 1 2 5 4 7
-------------
24.4 92 3.77 1 1 3 3 2 N/A N/A 2 3 8.5
N/A N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 4 3 6 2 N/A
25 N/A N/A 4 2 3 5 4 4 4 N/A N/A N/A
N/A N/A N/A N/A 6 N/A 6 N/A 5 3 6 2 N/A
25 91 3.64 2 1 3 3 4 4 4 5 3 8.5
26 N/A N/A 3 1 5 N/A 5 4 4 N/A 2 N/A
26 98 3.77 5 3 3 3 2 N/A N/A 4 3 10
24.48 N/A N/A 4 2 3 6 5 4 3 6 2 N/A
22.68 N/A N/A 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 11
23 90 3.91 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 10
24.4 92 3.77 4 2 4 5 3 3 N/A 5 N/A 9
26 98 3.77 1 2 4 5 3 2 2 5 4 7
24.6 98 3.98 4 3 3 1 2 1 2 3 3 11
25 N/A N/A 6 5 5 N/A N/A 4 3 8 N/A N/A
24 94 3.92 1 2 3 2 3 5 4 5 4 7
25 N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 2 3 5 2 N/A
25.5 101 3.96 3 2 2 2 1 5 4 6 1 9
25 91 3.64 1 1 5 6 4 4 4 6 3 7.5
24.75 N/A N/A 4 3 3 6 4 4 3 6 4 N/A
23.7 N/A N/A 8 4 4 5 3 3 2 5 4 N/A
23.1 N/A N/A 6 4 1 1 1 4 1 3 3 12.5
23.73 96 4.05 7 2 1 1 1 4 3 3 3 12.5
24.79 N/A N/A 4 5 6 6 5 5 4 6 N/A N/A
24.79 90 3.63 1 1 3 4 3 1 2 5 4 7
-------------
24.4 92 3.77 1 1 3 3 2 N/A N/A 2 3 8.5
N/A N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 4 3 6 2 N/A
25 N/A N/A 4 2 3 5 4 4 4 N/A N/A N/A
N/A N/A N/A N/A 6 N/A 6 N/A 5 3 6 2 N/A
25 91 3.64 2 1 3 3 4 4 4 5 3 8.5
26 N/A N/A 3 1 5 N/A 5 4 4 N/A 2 N/A
26 98 3.77 5 3 3 3 2 N/A N/A 4 3 10
24.48 N/A N/A 4 2 3 6 5 4 3 6 2 N/A
22.68 N/A N/A 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 11
23 90 3.91 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 10
24.4 92 3.77 4 2 4 5 3 3 N/A 5 N/A 9
26 98 3.77 1 2 4 5 3 2 2 5 4 7
24.6 98 3.98 4 3 3 1 2 1 2 3 3 11
25 N/A N/A 6 5 5 N/A N/A 4 3 8 N/A N/A
24 94 3.92 1 2 3 2 3 5 4 5 4 7
25 N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 2 3 5 2 N/A
25.5 101 3.96 3 2 2 2 1 5 4 6 1 9
25 91 3.64 1 1 5 6 4 4 4 6 3 7.5
24.75 N/A N/A 4 3 3 6 4 4 3 6 4 N/A
23.7 N/A N/A 8 4 4 5 3 3 2 5 4 N/A
23.1 N/A N/A 6 4 1 1 1 4 1 3 3 12.5
23.73 96 4.05 7 2 1 1 1 4 3 3 3 12.5
24.79 N/A N/A 4 5 6 6 5 5 4 6 N/A N/A
24.79 90 3.63 1 1 3 4 3 1 2 5 4 7
-------------
24.4 92 3.77 1 1 3 3 2 N/A N/A 2 3 8.5
N/A N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 4 3 6 2 N/A
25 N/A N/A 4 2 3 5 4 4 4 N/A N/A N/A
N/A N/A N/A N/A 6 N/A 6 N/A 5 3 6 2 N/A
25 91 3.64 2 1 3 3 4 4 4 5 3 8.5
26 N/A N/A 3 1 5 N/A 5 4 4 N/A 2 N/A
26 98 3.77 5 3 3 3 2 N/A N/A 4 3 10
24.48 N/A N/A 4 2 3 6 5 4 3 6 2 N/A
22.68 N/A N/A 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 11
23 90 3.91 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 10
24.4 92 3.77 4 2 4 5 3 3 N/A 5 N/A 9
26 98 3.77 1 2 4 5 3 2 2 5 4 7
24.6 98 3.98 4 3 3 1 2 1 2 3 3 11
25 N/A N/A 6 5 5 N/A N/A 4 3 8 N/A N/A
24 94 3.92 1 2 3 2 3 5 4 5 4 7
25 N/A N/A 5 3 4 5 4 2 3 5 2 N/A
25.5 101 3.96 3 2 2 2 1 5 4 6 1 9
25 91 3.64 1 1 5 6 4 4 4 6 3 7.5
24.75 N/A N/A 4 3 3 6 4 4 3 6 4 N/A
23.7 N/A N/A 8 4 4 5 3 3 2 5 4 N/A
23.1 N/A N/A 6 4 1 1 1 4 1 3 3 12.5
23.73 96 4.05 7 2 1 1 1 4 3 3 3 12.5
24.79 N/A N/A 4 5 6 6 5 5 4 6 N/A N/A
24.79 90 3.63 1 1 3 4 3 1 2 5 4 7

If you find any error in the table, please send us an email to hello@flyhy.co

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